Goal 15. Protect, restore, and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss

Deforestation, biodiversity loss, and ecosystem degradation impact human well-being. 2020 biodiversity targets were missed, emphasizing the link between biodiversity and human survival. Despite efforts, more action is needed to prioritize the planet’s health in policies.

Satellite data shows mountain green coverage stable at 73% globally from 2000 to 2018, varying by region. Species extinction risk increased by 10% in three decades, with the Red List Index dropping from 0.81 in 1993 to 0.73 in 2021.

Community-based solutions that consider Biodiversity objectives during the development of facilities and minimizing industrial footprint are the future of Industry 4.0.