Goal 10. Reduce inequality within and among countries

Globally, in 2019, 54 percent of the 111 Governments with data reported having instituted a comprehensive set of policy measures to facilitate orderly, safe, regular, and responsible migration and mobility of people, which means that they have reported having policy measures in place for at least 80 percent of the subcategories that make up the six policy domains of this indicator. From 2017 to 2020, the proportion of products exported by the least developed countries and developing countries that receive duty-free treatment remained unchanged at 66 and 52 percent, respectively.

In 2019, total resource flows for development to developing countries from Development Assistance Committee donors, multilateral agencies, and other key providers amounted to $400 billion, of which $164 billion was ODA.

The average global cost of sending a $200 remittance decreased from 9.3 percent in 2011 to 6.5 percent in 2020, bringing it closer to the international target of 5 percent. The average annual decrease was 0.31 percentage points.

Technology transfer will play a significant role in reducing inequality. Developing countries can and should insist on proper resource allocation and capacity development of big infrastructure projects such as IT, Energy, and Infrastructure.